Academy of Broadcasting Science
The Academy of Broadcasting Science (ABS), founded in 1958, is a subsidiary of the State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television (SAPPRFT), the regulatory body with overall responsibility for China’s broadcasting, cinema and electronic media sector. Fully funded by the state and dedicated to the benefit of the general public, ABS is China’s leading scientific research institute in the field. It provides technical support for SAPPRFT in the formulation of technology strategy, planning and decision-making. ABS provides a solid backbone for a number of essential services: research and development in China’s broadcasting sector; management of major projects; training and the development of talent; and the provision of a significant window for technology cooperation and communication between China’s broadcasting industry and the rest of the world.
ABS fulfills a number of varied and important roles: researching on advanced and strategic technology; taking on frontier R&D projects; developing broadcast applications technology; providing engineering and technical consulting and solutions; establishing an innovation-base and experimental platform for broadcasting technology; launching domestic and international broadcast technical communication and cooperation; initiating high-tech enterprises; and commercializing research outcomes.
ABS’s research activities cover the full range of broadcasting and electronic media, and involve core technologies as well as systems, standards, and solutions. The service covers the entire industry and aims to provide strong technical support for the development of China’s broadcast and media sector.
Focus of Research
The focus of ABS’s scientific research and innovation in recent years has been on Next Generation Broadcasting network (NGB), China mobiles Multimedia Broadcasting (CMMB), Direct Broadcast by Satellite (DBS), 3DTV, emergency broadcasting, interactive new media networks, the digital home, Next Generation High Credibility Network, streaming media technology for triple play, and next generation Internet services. Breakthroughs in these key technologies provide technical backing and scientific guidance for the restructuring and the strategic transformation of China’s broadcasting industry.
(1) The in-depth study of Next Generation Broadcasting (NGB) technical system, IPv6 related technical policies, NGB middleware standards, Downloadable Conditional Access System (DCAS), and smart TV Operating System (TVOS) carried out by ABS provide theoretical basis for the transition of China’s existing broadcasting network to NGB and important support for NGB technical policies, standards, and business development.
(2) Advanced Broadcasting System - Satellite (ABS-S), the new generation Direct Broadcasting Satellite (DBS) transmitting system, including location management system and terminal equipment developed independently by ABS effectively resolves the problems of central and local broadcasting signals coverage in rural areas and DBS security.
(3) The academy actively carries out systematic research on Digital Radio technology. Based on the in-depth research on the foreign digital radio systems, ABS has made several breakthroughs in digital radio technology with independent intellectual property rights. Through the development of critical equipment of head-end system and terminal receiving chip and the laboratory and field testing, it has finished the transmission standards of digital radio broadcasting system in FM Band, which lays a solid foundation for the progress of China’s radio digitization.
(4) The industrial standard of “High-performance Network Over Coax (HINOC)” with Chinese independent intellectual property rights formulated under the leadership of ABS, has been supported by the national 863 Program and CHBS Project. HINOC has been accepted as an ITU project, and formally approved as an international standard.
(5) The academy does a lot of research on 3DTV including the development and industrialization of 3DTV integration & broadcast platform and terminal system, subjective evaluation and objective testing for 3DTV, and especially on making 3DTV transmission solution, designing testing system, and formulating the relevant standards. All the work has greatly guaranteed China’s 3DTV pilot broadcast and are promoting the industry development.
(6) The Emergency Broadcast technology research carried out by ABS includes developing key systems and equipment for the generation, transmission and reception of emergency broadcast messages, and the formulation of relevant standards and specifications. This research provides strong technical support for the establishment of multilevel, subregional, and multi-sectoral linked emergency broadcasting systems that meet demand at every level from national to regional and local.
(7) Combined with national Triple Play policy, the academy analyzes and puts forward related research reports and technical proposals, which are provided to SAPPRFT as references for policy formulation and industrial planning. Meanwhile, ABS has participated in and guided the pilot projects of triple play services in the first batch of 12 and the second of 42 pilot cities, and carried out the system platform establishment and operation according to the demands and developing orientation of triple play services.
Technical Communication and Service
As a national research institution, ABS attaches great importance to academic exchanges and technical services. It plays a very important role in exploring the development of broadcasting technology, in exhibiting and promoting the application of new technology, in product demonstration and the user experience. It serves as an indispensable bridge and link for communication between the government and enterprises, enterprises and users, and between China and the world.
The China Content Broadcasting Network Exhibition (CCBN), organized by ABS, is a world-class event covering broadcasting technology and equipment. It attracts more than 1000 exhibitors and 100,000 visitors from many different countries and regions. Through twenty years of sustained and stable development, CCBN has become an iconic brand of the China’s broadcasting industry and exerts a great and profound influence on the international broadcasting development.
The academy also actively provides technology and product testing in and out of the broadcasting industry. It offers powerful support for effective government supervision, for improvements in broadcasters’ technology and services, and for supervision of product quality, so as to ensure that the public receives the highest possible level of broadcasting service.